The crown is the part of the tooth which shows above the gum line. The section level with the gum line is called the neck, and the part below the gum is the root. The tooth root can be twice as long as the crown. The hard, white coating on the outside of the tooth crown is called enamel. Under the enamel, there is the dentine which is less hard and can be more sensitive than enamel. The root canal system is located in the roots of each of your teeth. If it becomes infected, you may need root canal treatment to remove the bacteria and save the tooth. The practice of this dental procedure is known as endodontics.
This pulp infection can be the result of:
- Untreated tooth decay or faulty crowns or fillings
- A cracked or chipped tooth
- Damage tooth from trauma
Modern endodontic (root) treatment is nothing like those old sayings! It’s very similar to a routine filling and can usually be completed in one or two appointments, depending upon the condition of your tooth and your personal circumstances. Getting a root canal is relatively painless and extremely effective.
Saving the natural tooth with root canal treatment has many advantages:
- Efficient chewing
- Normal biting force and sensation
- Natural appearance
- Protects other teeth from excessive wear or strain
Only your dentist will help you to recover from the infection by a root canal treatment which is usually done on two different stages. Root canal treatment is virtually painless and often leaves you with less discomfort during recovery than if you have your natural tooth extracted. Thanks to modern techniques and effective anaesthesia, patients who experience root canals are six times more likely to describe it as painless than patients who have a tooth extracted.