Halitosis commonly referred to as bad breath. Human breath is composed of highly complex substances with numerous variable odors which can generate unpleasant situations like halitosis. Halitosis is a latin word which derived from halitus (breathed air) and the osis (pathologic alteration). This undesirable condition is a common complaint for both genders and for all age groups. It creates social and psychological disadvantages for individuals, and these situations affect individual’s relation with other people. Halitosis affects a person’s daily life negatively.
There are few conditions which cause halitosis
- Poor Dental Hygiene
- Tooth cavities
- Strong and spicy foods and drinks
- Dry mouth which can be caused by medication
- Periodontal (gum) disease
- Sinus, mouth, or throat conditions
- Gastric disorders
The source of halitosis is usually located in the mouth. Bacteria from the mouth transforms food and bacteria, which may have the effect of producing unpleasant smells.
The dentist will determine if the cause of halitosis is intraoral or extraoral.
If extraoral, the patient will be referred to the appropriate specialist (otolaryngologist (ENT), gastroenterologist, etc.).
If the source of bad breath is in the mouth, the treatment will depend on the exact cause and may take different forms: dental scaling, treatment of periodontal disease, treatment of dental decay.
Good oral hygiene and regular visits to your dentist help to prevent halitosis.